The Twi and English names of our Local Herbs and their Uses. Part 3


The following are the Twi and English names of some Local Herbs and their Uses

Scent leaf (Nunum)

Scent leaves are high in calcium,phophurus, iron, potassium, carbon and vitamin A . Scent leaf has been found to be a great mean of prevention and treatment for common cold, herpes, malaria, even HIV and AIDS.

Jute mallow (Ayoyo)

Jute mallow is a species of shrub in the family Malvaceae. The leaves and young fruits are used as a vegetable, the dried leaves are used for tea and as a soup thickener, and the seeds are edible.

Pisonia aculeate (Akobowere)

Pisonia aculeata is a large, evergreen shrub producing climbing stems that can be 20 metres long and attach themselves to other plants by means of recurved thorns. The stems can be up to 16cm in diameter. Short thorny branches sometimes persist on the lower stem. The leaves are used, either fresh or in decoction, to treat skin problems such as scabies and ulcers. The roots are purgative. They are also used to treat cough.

Lemon Balm (Emee)

Balm is a perennial herbaceous plant in the mint family. Lemon balm is used for anxiety, stress, insomnia, indigestion (dyspepsia), dementia, Alzheimer disease, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support many of these uses. In foods and beverages, the extract and oil of lemon balm are used for flavoring.

Justicia Flava (Afema)

Afema is a perennial herb or shrublet, growing up to 450 mm high. An infusion of the plant is taken with egg albumen and coconut juice against palpitations of the heart and leaf sap is used as an eye lotion. In Tanzania leaf sap is taken against hookworm and to treat hydrocele, including bathing the affected parts. The bitter root is chewed by the Masai to cure diarrhoea and coughs.