Just like every other agribusiness venture that fails when the right things are not done, the poultry farming business will also fail if some steps are not taken or if some mistakes are made. Some of the mistakes made during poultry farming could lead to a disaster such as loss of all or almost all your birds. These could lead to a significant loss to the farmer.
If you ask any poultry farmer, they will probably give you a list of things they would have done differently in their poultry farming business.
Every poultry farmer has made mistakes at one point or another, some of them affect your poultry birds a little, but others can lead to your birds getting seriously injured, or even very high mortality.
However, every poultry farming mistake or mismanagement should be avoided completely to ensure maximum profit from your birds.
Mistake 1: Buying Birds From An Unknown Source/Dishonest Breeder Or Dealer
Buying birds from unknown sources are very risky for many reasons. For one thing, you don't know what you are getting. The birds may have health issues or carry diseases that may not be apparent at first.
Another reason not to buy birds from unknown sources is to avoid dishonest breeders. For instance, you might order for broiler chicks and the chick seller or breeder might supply this white cockerel to you. If you're a new farmer you might not know what was sold to you, and the birds won't grow fast.
While there are a lot of very good breeders with very high-quality birds, there are some that either are not knowledgeable about the birds they raise, or just plain scammers.
Before you stock your farms with birds make proper research on where to get quality birds. Remember good, healthy and quality birds will help you make more profit from your poultry farming business.
Mistake 2: Not Using Quality Poultry Feeds
When your birds are fed properly with quality(balanced), unadulterated and un contaminated feeds the outcome is a boost in production. This is seen in the fast growth of birds, an increase in egg production and the general well-being of the birds. That is if the bird is the right breed and is healthy.
Making the mistake of not feeding your birds properly(that is not feeding in time with quality feeds and clean water) could lead to a reduction in the growth of birds, egg production which will finally affect profits and income from your birds.
Due to a high cost of producing poultry feeds, some producers have begun adulterating feeds in order to make more profits. When you feed your birds with adulterated feeds, your birds will be affected badly.
If you purchase feeds take the time to source from a trustworthy feed producer or company.
Mistake 3: Poor Hygiene In The Poultry House And Poorly Ventilated houses.
This is a common mistake. Keeping birds housed in dirty, poorly ventilated, and dark coops can lead to many health issues such as respiratory problems, mite/lice infestations, decreased egg production, and a host of other health issues and diseases.
Make sure to keep poultry house beddings clean, and change it often. Make sure your coop is well ventilated with plenty of air flow. Light is also important. Don't keep your birds cooped up in a dark cljoise without natural light. To do this use dwarf wall system for your poultry house and build the poultry house facing the East-West direction. Do not leave the floor dusty!! Use a concrete foundation.
Mistake 4: Not Choosing The Right Breed
Believe me, not selecting the right breed can affect your poultry farming business.
chickens are bred for many different purposes, such as meat, eggs e.t.c. Before buying your flock, decide why you want to rear chickens. Do you want them for the production of meat or eggs?
Decide carefully on what breed(s) you want. For example, if you want to produce eggs, don't buy a breed that doesn't lay enough eggs. You've to specifically tell the breeder or chick distributor the breed of birds you want. Tell them to give you ISA BRWON LAYER !
Keep climate in mind too, and pick a breed that does well where you live.
Also decide according to the market you have. If you are nearer to a market that consumes a lot of broiler meat, then rear broilers.
Mistake 5: Not Noticing A Sick Bird In Time
It is very important to observe your birds every day so that in case you have a sick or injured bird you will notice it in time to remove it for treatment.
Becoming accustomed to your bird's normal behavior, and observing them daily is a good idea. Your birds all should be active and have nice bright eyes, healthy red or pink combs, and their feathers should be clean, glossy and well preened. (Keep in mind that there are exceptions to these last two while your birds are going through their annual molt).
Symptoms of sick birds include:
1. Moving slowly, and not interested in eating food
2. Not eating or drinking
3. Huddling on the roost or floor during the day with closed eyes
4. Head pulled tightly in
5. Droopy wings and tail
6. Heavy or strained breathing
7. Decreased egg production
9. Very soft eggs with soft shells.
10. Ruffled feathers (Keep in mind that hens will sometimes ruffle their feathers when cold)
11. Pale or purple comb, and wattles
12. Cloudy, leaky, swollen, or watery eyes
13. Sneezing, wheezing, or coughing
14. Swollen legs or feet
When you have a sick or injured bird, it is best to separate it as soon as possible. Inspect the sick bird's weight, vent, face, mouth, and nostrils and look for blood, scabs, and other signs of injury. Also, check for mites and lice, and inspect the bird's legs for scaly leg mites.
The right colour of droppings is black and white! Once it turns to another color of diarrhea, then the birds are sick!!!
Treat the bird, watch for some time before sending it back to the flock.
Mistake 6: Overcrowding Your Birds In A Small Place
Overcrowding can lead to stress, cannibalism, feather pecking, and other issues.
The floor space requirement of broilers varies depending on their body weight at the time of marketing, housing systems, marketing age and ambient(room) temperature.
A broiler chicken of 18 days old needs a space of 450 sq.cm while from 19-42 days old will requireb1000sq.cm. Multiply it by the number of birds you intend to stock. Remember this is an approximation, it is best to know what is best for your birds.
Remember, there is no such thing as a 'poultry house is too big'. You may plan on getting 50 chickens at first, but you may want to expand your business in the future, so instead of rebuilding a new poultry house when your flock expands, it's a good idea to build a bigger one from the start.
10 broilers per square meter.
6 layers per square meter
Mistake 7: Not Being Financially Prepared
Most new farmers always make a mistake of starting poultry farming without having a cost analysis report and doing feasibility studies.
You have to keep the resources on the ground to fund your farming venture from start to finish. This will help you from having an abandoned project.
To be successful in the poultry farming business you have enough money in order to purchase feeds, drugs and so many other things that may arise in the course of the poultry rearing.
Approximately you need #2100 to raise 1 layer ( from buying it, feeds, equipment, drugs, vet, etc)
Mistake 8: Keeping Toxic Chemicals Around Or Inside The Poultry House
Most chemicals, pesticides, herbicides, and rat poisons, are deadly to your birds. It is best to avoid using such items around your poultry house, or anywhere that your birds range.
If you spray weeds or grass around your coop, or anywhere that your birds' range, they may eat than it, and ingest the chemicals, which can cause illness or death to your birds