On the morning of Arfa Day, the Ka'aba dress rehearsal is underway in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
This was done when the pilgrims left Mecca for Arfa, which is the main pilgrimage site.
The new thing that the pilgrims will find when they return to Mecca on the day of the Great Prayer is the new Ka'bah robe.
The conversion of the Ka'bah is considered to be a major act of honoring and sanctifying the House of Allah.
Dressing is one of the oldest events in world history. The Ka'bah was transformed for hundreds of years before the advent of Islam, which was held by some Arab rulers and became a source of great pride among the Arabs.
Putting a new robe on the door of the Ka'bah is the most difficult part of changing the robe, as the sewing of the robe is different from other garments worn on the walls of the room.
How do you sew a Ka'bah robe?
According to sources in Saudi Arabia, the Ka'bah robe is sewn with fine silk thread and then dyed to blacks.
The color of the clothes on the outside is black, and the inside is green. Silk, gold, and silver threads are also used to sew clothes.
670 kg of plain silk thread is used, imported from Italy.
Then there is the 120-kilogram gold thread and the 100-kilogram silver thread imported from Germany.
Some strict procedures are followed to ensure quality and ensure that everything is done in the right way.
The Ka'bah robe consisted of 47 pieces of cloth that were woven separately, then later sewn together on one side. Each piece of cloth is 14 meters long and 101 centimeters wide.
The Qur'anic verses were embellished with embroidered cloth, with gold and silver threads.
History of production or sewing of Ka'bah robes
There is a dispute over who first covered the Ka'bah already
The first person to provide the Ka'bah in Islam was Prophet Mohammad (SAS), who clothed the room with a cloth woven in Yemen. Likewise, some of his successors continued to provide the Ka'bah with annual garments and garments worn in Yemen.
But it is said that the first person to offer the Ka'bah was a Yemeni king named Tubba'u. He visited the room many years before the advent of Islam and since then the Ka'bah has already been provided.
However, there are indications that the first person to establish the Ka'bah was Adnan, an Arab ancestor of Prophet Ishmael son of Prophet Abraham.
The countries that produced the Ka'bah clothing
From the very beginning, there was a lot of confusion over the design of the Ka'bah
Since 1962, Saudi Arabia has been responsible for the production of the Ka'bah robe and all its services.
During the reign of the Bani Umayyads, the garment was sewn in Syria and shipped to Mecca every year.
Egypt later took on the responsibility of producing the garment, which it took full pride of.
In 1926 King Abdulaziz, the founder of the Al Saud dynasty, ordered the establishment of a Ka'bah garment factory in Cairo, Egypt.
In 1927, the king issued a decree to set up a house near the Holy Mosque of Mecca for weaving, and this was the first weaving in Saudi Arabia.
Egypt has suspended the weaving of the new Kaaba because of a political dispute with Saudi Arabia, which has prompted Saudi Arabia to embrace it.
Modern machines for weaving Ka'bah were first used in 1965. In 1972, King Faisal bin Abdulaziz ordered the establishment of a special factory for weaving cloth.
In 2017, King Salman ordered the replacement of all the machines used to weave the Ka'bah cloth, whereupon he ordered the modernization.
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