Hormones are the body's chemical Messengers and travel in the bloodstream to tissues or organs and affect many different processes including growth and development, metabolism, sexual function, Reproduction, mood.
The anterior pituitary gland produces hormones such as the Growth hormone, Thyroid stimulating hormone, Adrenocorticotropic hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, Luteinizing hormone, Beta endorphin and Prolactin.
When there is an hormonal imbalance in the body there is too much or too little of a certain hormone in the body.Some of the common causes of hormonal imbalances in the body are;
*Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy.
*Injury or trauma.
Hormonal imbalamces can also be caused by conditions such as type 1 and 2 diabetes, hypothyroidism, diabetes inspidus, hyperthyroidism, Cushing syndrome, Addisons disease.Hypogandism, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
The most common hormonal imbalamces are
1.Cortisol imbalance- a hormone produced by the adrenal gland that regulates the body's blood sugar, metabolism, inflammation and memory function.Some of the symptoms of high cortisol production are a flushed round face, high blood pressure, increased thirst, irregular menstruation, mood swings, muscle weakness, reduced sex drive, weight gain.Sympoms of low cortisol production by the adrenal gland are dizziness, fatigue, mood swings,muscle weakness, weight loss.Too little cortisol production may be a symptom of the Addisons disease.
2.Estrogen imbalnce-it is one of the main sex hormones in females.In women it is responsible for physical changes during puberty, regulating the menstrual cycle, supporting bones,heart and mood during pregnancy.Symptoms of high estrogen production in females are fatigue, feeling depressed, reduced sex drive,weight gain.Symptoms of low estrogen production are dry skin,irregular menstrual cycle, reduced sex drive, mood swings, hot flashes.
3.Insulin imbalance-insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas which makes the muscles, fat and liver absorb glucose and break down fat and protein inorder to regulate the metabolic process.High levels of insulin in the body results in a condition known as Hypoglycemia with symptoms such as hunger, tremors, anxiety and dizziness,heart palpitations.When there ain't enough insulin in the body the condition is known as Hyperglycemia with symptoms such as thirstiness, dehydration,fatigue, frequent urination. Hunger and weight loss.
4.Progesterone imbalance-progesterone is a hormone majorly in women.In men it aids in supporting fertility and reducing the effects of estrogen in the body.Symptoms of high progesterone levels in the body in women are depression, fatigue, heart problems, reduced sex drive, weight fluctuations, bloating.Symptoms of low progesterone levels in the body in men are bone loss, erectile dysfunction, fatigue, hair loss, weight gain.In women some of the symptoms are abnormal uterine bleeding, irregular menstrual cycle, frequent misscariages, reduced sex drive.
5.Testosterone imbalance-it is the main sex hormone in males.It supports physical changes during puberty such as voice deepening,growth of genitals hair and muscles. In women it is responsible for supporting bone health and reproductive tissues.Symltoms of high testosterone levels are an early development of sexual characteristics which increases the chances of infertility at a young age. Symptoms of low testosterone levels are enlarged pectorals, low sperm count, mood swings, poor erections and a reduced sex drive.
Common hormonal conditions affecting both men and women could cause symptoms such as
* sudden weight changes.
*Constipation and frequent bowel movements.
*Purple or pink stretch marks.
*Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness.
*Nervousness,anxiety or irritability.
In children hormonal imbalances may cause symptoms such as- in boys;
*Lack of development or muscle mass.
*A voice that does not deepen.
*Body hair that grows sparsely.
*Impaired penis and testicular growth.
*Excessive growth of the arms and legs in relation to the torso.
In girls these imbalances or hypogandism may cause menstruation delays, non development of breast tissue, a non increase in the growth rate.
Hormonal imbalances are associated with many chronic and serious health conditions such as heart disease, Diabetes type 1 and 2,diabetes inspidus, kidney damage, Osteoporosis, Infertility, sexual dysfunction, urinary incontinence, obesity, breast and endometrial cancer, high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels,loss of muscle mass.
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