Within the past decade flooding has become a global pandemic which hampers economic and social development. The global phenomenon has led to the loss of life and economic damages in many countries including Ghana.
On June 3rd 2015,Accra Ghana the capital, experienced an unprecedented flash flood events coupled with explosion of Goil station which resulted in death of over 125 lives.
In Ghana, government is pushing the cause of flooding on the citizens and the citizens too are blaming the government. It is funny how the citizens and the government are playing blame game with a phenomenal which is killing people yearly instead of putting measures to curb.
This article is meant to explain who is the cause of flooding in Ghana and measures to put in place in reducing the impact or to a long run prevent the occurrence of the devastating phenomenon
Flooding is overflow of water on a land which is normally dry. Flood is caused by both natural or human Factor. Natural cause is as a result of climate change which may lead to excessive rainfall or global warming which may lead to the melting of the iceberg. The melting of iceberg in the polar region may increase the volume of sea water level and subsequently the sea water level will overflow their shores which may lead to flooding. Human Factor include dumping of refuse in gutters,building on waterways etc which may lead to choked gutters.When there is heavy down pour,gutters overflows and flooding occurs.
Should we blame the government or the citizens ? One may say yes others too may say no.
The reason for the the contradicting answer is that,government has not put measures in place to allow proper waste management in the country. The capital city Accra, is overpopulated and as a result the government is supposed to fix refuse bin at every vantage points includes schools,lorry station,hospitals and so on. Others too saying no is that, there are communities which has bins placed at the vantage places but the individuals are not willing to put the rubbish inside
As a result of high cost of rent in the urban cities, individuals are rushing to put up building of their own and the land in the city's too are occupied, this has resulted in people putting on structures in unauthorised places, marshy areas which are capable of holding voluminous amount of water when there is a downfall are being filled to construct filling station,schools because of our selfish gain. Even in some part of the country, individuals are putting up structures on open gutters. The metropolitan, municipal and district chief executives failure to demolish structures built-in waterways has led to diversion of run off water to homes and work places
The failure of government to construct big drains also has led to the annual overflow of water in the country. Gutters in the country is too small to carry the volume of rain to join the sea. The people have paid taxes which could be used to construct big drains but due to negligence of those responsible,they will rather spend money on relieve items annually than gutter construction.
Also, desilting of drainage is a measure the government must put in place to allow free flow of water. The government also can bring back "first Saturday of every month" communal labour which will help workers to clean their area of residence.
Attitudinal change is one man Factor to prevent flood on both the government and the people. Individual must be willing change their attitude of dumping refuse anywhere at anytime.
The government too must plan the country like how thier estates are.
Since the greater effect of flood is on the people these has led to the government unwilling to put measures in place to curb the phenomenon.
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