March 3 is globally recognized as World Wildlife Day. Wildlife Conservation is an issue that needs attention and action every day since their sustainability is gradually diminishing.
The day is set by the UN to celebrate and raise awareness of the world’s wild fauna and flora. The theme for this year’s event: "Forests and Livelihoods: Sustaining People and Planet," highlights the central role of forests, forest species and ecosystems services in sustaining the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people globally, and particularly of Indigenous and local communities with historic ties to forest and forest-adjacent areas.
We all depend on forests for survival but forests and it resources are under severe threats from our activities. Forests provide us with food, medicines, air, water as well as serving as home to several species (Biodiversity).
It also contributes to the carbon by absorbing carbon dioxide from the earth’s atmosphere (act as carbon sink)
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in 1973 was signed on March 3, therefore, the 68th United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) announced on December 20, 2013, the same day would be celebrated as World Wildlife Day. The idea was proposed by Thailand.
The CITES is one of the most powerful measures against illegal trading which often results in wildlife extinction as member countries and monitoring bodies keep a keen eye on hunting and trading activities. India is one of the contracting parties of CITES.
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