Symptoms and risk factors of the disease called Sciatica.

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These are the symptoms and risk factors of the disease called Sciatica.

Sciatica pain is caused by an irritation, inflammation, pinching or compression of a nerve in the lower back. The most common cause is a herniated or slipped disk that causes pressure on the nerve root. Most people with sciatica get better on their own with time and self-care treatments.

Depending on the cause, people describe sciatica pain in a variety of ways. Sharp, shooting, or jolting pain is how some people describe their pain. Some people describe the pain as "burning," "electric," or "stabbing."

Risk factors of sciatica

Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis may harm your spine and put your nerves at risk.

Active or physical job: Jobs that require heavy lifting, or jobs that require extended sitting, can increase the risk of low back problems and use of your back.

Smoking: Tobacco nicotine can damage spinal tissue, weaken bones, and hasten the deterioration of vertebral disks.

Injury: Sciatica is more likely if you have a lower back or spine injury.

Over weight: Your skeleton is like a vertical crane. Your muscles double as counterweights. The weight you bear in the front of your body is what your spine (crane) needs to lift. The more weight you have, the more your back muscles (counterweights) have to function. This will result in back strains, pains, and other back problems.

Diabetes: Diabetes increases the risk of nerve injury, which increases your risk of sciatica.

Inactivity: Sitting for an extended amount of time without shifting, stretching, or toning your muscles will increase your risk of sciatica.

Symptoms of sciatica

Feeling like “pins and needles” in the thighs, toes, or feet.

Deficiency in bowel and bladder control (due to cauda equina).

Tenderness in your lower back, buttocks, shoulder, or foot.

Pain that worsens with movement; immobility.

Pain ranging from moderate to serious in your lower back, buttocks, and down your spine.

The treatment aim is to reduce your discomfort and improve your mobility. Depending on the cause, certain cases of sciatica resolve through basic self-care therapies over time. Consult your doctor for treatment.

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