These Are The Proof That Humans Are Not Naturally SELFISH!

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The behavior of a selfish person, for the most part, is nothing new to the people around him. Maybe, well maybe, just the selfish person himself doesn't know what's really going on. And although it appears to be harmless behavior, certain attitudes can not only be harmful in certain situations, but can be completely harmful to the environment as a whole.

There is an assumption that people are, in essence, and goist. Apparently, we are relentless and have a strong urge to compete with each other for resources and accumulate power and possessions.

And if one person is kind to the other, it is usually because they have a second intention. And if a person is good, it is because he has managed to control and transcend the original state of selfishness.

This view of people is closely associated with the scientific writer Richard Dawkins, who wrote the book "The Selfish Gene" that fit in and explained society's selfish behavior at the end of the 20th century.

Dawkins' justification, like many others, is based on evolutionary psychology that theorizes that today's human traits developed in prehistoric times. In a period that is called an "evolutionary adaptation environment".

This period is seen as a time of intense competition. Moment when life was like a Roman gladiatorial battle where only the characteristics that gave people advantages were beneficial. And since people needed resources to survive, there was competition between rival groups. This led to characteristics such as racism and war being developed.

It all seems quite logical. But in reality, this assumption that prehistoric survival was a struggle is false.

Prehistory

In the prehistoric era, the world was sparsely populated. So there is likely to be an abundance of resources for hunter-gatherer groups. According to some estimates, approximately 15,000 years ago the population of Europe had only 29,000 people. And the whole world had less than half a million people.

Because of this low population density, it seems unlikely that prehistoric groups would have to compete with each other. Or else, they had the need to develop cruelty and competitiveness.

Several anthropologists agree that, in fact, war is a late development in human history. And that it came up with the first agricultural settlements.

Current evidence

There is significant evidence from contemporary hunter-gatherer groups who live in the same way as prehistoric humans. And an impressive thing about these groups is egalitarianism.

Anthropologist Bruce Knauft noted that hunter-gatherers are characterized by "extreme political and sexual egalitarianism". People in these groups do not accumulate their own property or possessions. They have a moral obligation to share everything. In addition, they have methods for preserving egalitarianism, ensuring that differences in status do not arise.

For example,! Kung, from Southern Africa, exchange arrows before going hunting. And when an animal is killed, credit goes not to whoever shot the arrow, but to the person to whom the arrow belongs. And if someone starts to get too dominant or arrogant, the group ostracizes that person.

Usually in groups like this, men have no authority over women. They usually choose who to marry, decide what job they want to do, and work when they want. And if the marriage ends they have direct custody of the children

Several anthropologists agree that egalitarian societies were normal until a few thousand years ago. But that ended when population growth led to the development of agriculture and an accommodated lifestyle.

Not selfish

Based on this evidence there is little reason to believe that things like racism, war and male domination have been selected by evolution. Especially because these things would be of little benefit to society. Those who behaved selfishly and relentlessly were less likely to survive, as they would be ostracized.

It makes more sense to see that the natural characteristics of the human being are cooperation, egalitarianism, altruism and peace. These characteristics have prevailed in human life for tens of thousands of years. And presumably, they are still strong in us today.

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