Risks and Benefits of Common Prostate Cancer Treatments

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A rapidly growing tumor can spread to other parts of the body. This form of cancer can be difficult to treat if not detected early. Slow-growing tumors may not require treatment at first or may not require treatment at all. careful waiting 

 If you have slow-growing cancer, your doctor may recommend observation as the first step in treatment. It may also apply to the elderly or people with serious health problems. A careful wait includes monitoring for symptoms and changes in the tumor. It may consist of routine rectal examinations, blood or imaging tests, and/or biopsies. If your doctor notices changes, they will suggest an aggressive type of treatment. 


Radical prostatectomy is surgery to remove the entire prostate. These include lymph nodes and seminal vesicles. If the cancer is confined to the prostate and has not spread, surgery is usually an option. A surgeon can remove the prostate through one large incision or through a laparoscopy. Laparoscopic surgery is also called minimally invasive surgery. It is done through a small number of incisions using a laparoscope (a small, thin tube with a camera at the tip used to see inside the body). This type of surgery is less painful and has a faster recovery time than more invasive surgeries.


Radiation is a high-energy beam that kills cancer cells. This treatment is suitable for both low-grade and advanced prostate cancer. This can be done on its own or through surgery. It is optional even if not all cancers have been removed or the cancer has recurred. There are two types of radiation therapy. External exposure is known as radiation therapy. He uses an x-ray machine. Receive 5 days a week for 6-8 weeks. Each investigation session lasts approximately 10 minutes. Internal irradiation is known as semen therapy or brachytherapy. It's more intense and it's only served once. Seed therapy involves anesthesia (sleeping pills) and requires hospitalization. Increased radiation dose can cause discomfort.


Chemotherapy is a powerful drug that kills cancer cells. It is administered intravenously as a drip. The course of treatment lasts several weeks or months. Chemotherapy often has serious side effects. The most common are nausea, fatigue and hair loss. It is primarily used by men with rapidly growing or advanced prostate cancer. It can help extend your lifespan. 


 Cryotherapy uses cold gas to freeze cancer cells, killing them. This is an option for men with early or recurrent cancer. The goal of cryotherapy is to remove the prostate. This is similar to surgery but is less invasive.

 Hormone therapy 

Your hormones, including testosterone, can cause prostate tumors to grow or spread. Hormone therapy is often used in combination with other treatments. It can be administered over several months as tablets or injections.

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