While every woman's menstrual cycle is different in terms of the severity and duration of her periods, they are considered abnormal when they are too light, too heavy, occur too frequently, last too long, are irregular, or occur beyond menopause.
Certain factors that produce abnormal bleeding do not have any significant medical repercussions. Several different factors can contribute to the anomaly. Hormonal contraception, cervix or uterine infection, sexually transmitted diseases, blood clotting abnormalities, and other medical illnesses may fall under this category. In this piece, we will examine the signs and symptoms of four distinct forms of irregular menstruation based on data and analysis from the Mayo Clinic.
Menstrual irregularities include, but are not limited to, the following:
Amenorrhea occurs when a woman no longer experiences menstruation. It's odd for a woman not to get her period for 90 days unless she's nursing an infant, pregnant, or going through menopause (which generally occurs for women between ages 45 and 55).
Menstrual cramps, often known as dysmenorrhea (Painful Cramps)
Healthline describes dysmenorrhea as severe, recurrent cramping during menstruation. In addition to the lower back and thighs, the lower abdomen may also hurt. Primary dysmenorrhea is when the menstrual pain is the only symptom, and secondary dysmenorrheal is when the pain is accompanied by another medical or physical issue, like endometriosis or uterine fibroids, among others.
Hypomenorrhea, also known as irregular light periods, can be caused by a number of different diseases and disorders, including menopause, eating disorders, excessive exercise, thyroid dysfunction, uncontrolled diabetes, Cushing's syndrome, hormonal birth control, and certain drugs used to treat epilepsy or mental health issues, as listed by the Mayo Clinic.
Heavy monthly bleeding, or menorrhagia, can be the result of a number of different medical conditions, including polycystic ovary syndrome, uterine fibroids, endometrial polyps, bleeding disorders, and miscarriage.
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