The 5 Devastating Massacres In Nigeria's History


On Tuesday, October 20, 2020, Nigeria witnessed a horrific massacre at the Lekki Toll Gate in Lagos.

Several reports claim that several Nigerians were shot dead and scores left injured.

In Nigeria's history, there have been about 37 massacres against citizens of Nigeria.

However, here is a list of some massacres in Nigerian history:

1. Asaba Massacre

The Asaba Massacre occurred in October 1967, at the start of the Nigerian Civil War.

On October 5, 1967, the Federal troops tore through the city of Asaba, Delta State and attacked many civilians for reportedly being "Biafran sympathizers."

On October 7, Leaders in Asaba sought to stop the drama as they gathered people to march through the city, chanting "One Nigeria."

But during the movement, men and teenage boys were separated from the women.

The Nigerian military then proceeded to kill a reported 700 men and boys on the order of the Second-in-Command, Major Ibrahim Taiwo.

2. Odi Massacre

On November 20, 1999, the Ijaw village of Odi, Bayelsa State was attacked by members of the Nigerian Military with a reported 2,500 civilians killed.

However, the government claimed that 43 Nigerians lost their lives to the violence.

The Military also claimed that it was ambushed and had to retaliate.

Many reports claim that former President and ex-army General, Olusegun Obasanjo ordered the genocide.

The stand-off between the government and Odi was due to indigenous rights to oil resources.

In February, 2013, the Federal High Court ordered the Federal Government to pay 37.6 billion naira compensation to the people of Odi but since, only 30 billion has been paid.

3. Ogaminana Massacre

Around 8:30pm on February 26, 2008, over 50 Nigerians were killed in Ogaminana, Kogi State.

Hundreds were injured, 5,000 became homeless and over 20 vehicles, 65 houses and 150 stores burnt.

Many believed this massacre was a reprisal attack by the Nigerian Police Force in reaction to the demonstration by the youths of Ogaminana protesting against the mismanagement of Ikapke iron ore deposits by Global Infrastructures Limited.

In all the chaos, a police inspector and a sergeant were seriously wounded.

Then Corporal Raphael George was abducted and then mutilated and killed.

4. Zaria Massacre

On Saturday, December 12, 2015, at least 348 civilians were killed by the army in Zaria, Kaduna state.

In the aftermath, the Nigerian Military claimed it was responding to an attempt to assassinate Nigeria's Chief of Army Staff, Tukur Buratai, by the Islamic Movement in Nigeria.

However, those claims were roundly denied.

5. Lekki Toll Gate Massacre

On October 20, 2020, Nigerians were protesting against police brutality at the Lekki Toll Gate.

Lagos State Governor, Babajide Sanwo-Olu, announced that a curfew would commence from 4pm but protesters remained at the toll gate.

Later in the day, CCTV cameras were reportedly removed from the toll gate and all the lights were cut off.

Around 7pm, Nigerian soldiers opened fire at the peaceful protesters and over 7 Nigerians were reported dead.

May the souls of the departed rest in peace.