Considering the population of Nigeria, it implies that about 17 million Nigerians have various stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The prevalence of CKD documented in developing and developed countries ranges from 2.5% to as high as 35.8% in the elderly population. More than 37 million American adults are living with kidney disease and most don’t know it. There are a number of physical signs of kidney disease, but sometimes people attribute them to other conditions. Diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis) cause damage to both the heart and kidneys. So if you have heart disease, then it is likely that you have kidney disease and vice-versa. Many people don’t experience severe symptoms until their kidney or heart disease is quite advanced, but there are some warning signs.
Sudden change in the pattern of urination: The first and foremost sign indicating urinary tract malfunction is a change in the pattern of urination. The early concerning symptoms that your kidney is in danger include frequent urination during the night, a change in the urine color of the urine to dark yellow or red, urinating more or less than usual, the constant feeling to pass urine without being actually able to urinate.
Puffy Eyes: If your eyes are consistently swollen, especially in the morning, take note. This has been linked with kidney and heart disease. Because puffy eyes are linked with many other conditions, often kidney disease and heart disease are overlooked.
Blood in urine: If you notice that your urine has turned red or there’s frank blood in the urine, it should raise a red flag that your kidneys are at risk. It’s another critical sign that points to housing an unhealthy kidney, bladder, or prostate. The condition is referred to as hematuria. It is highly imperative to consult a kidney specialist for contemplating the exact cause of blood in urine and then have a substantial treatment.
Swelling around your extremities: The kidneys filter wastes from the blood and remove excess water from the body via urine. When the kidneys aren’t doing their job, this fluid can stay in the system instead of being excreted. Swelling around the hands, feet, and ankles may be associated with kidney or heart failure and shouldn’t be dismissed.
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