Forms of cyber bullying and the possible remedies

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Cyber bullying is the degree to which our knowledge of traditional bullying carries over to this newer mode of bullying. It is an act of aggression; it occurs among individuals between whom a power imbalance exists; the behaviour is often repeated. As with traditional bullying, the power imbalance with cyber bullying can take place in several forms: physical, social, relational, or psychological

Cyber bullying can take different forms, ranging from flaming to harassment to cyber stalking.

The following list defines different forms of cyber bullying: Flaming – sending angry, rude, vulgar messages directed at a person or persons privately or to an online group. Harassment – repeatedly sending a person offensive omessages.

Cyber stalking – harassment that includes threats of harm or is highly intimidating.

Denigration(put-downs) – sending or posting harmful, untrue, or cruel statements about a person to other people.

Masquerade – pretending to be someone else and sending or posting material that makes a person look bad or places the person in potential danger.

Outing and trickery – sending or posting material about a person that contains sensitive, private, or embarrassing information, including forwarding private messages or images engaging in tricks to solicit embarrassing information to be made public.

Exclusion – actions that specifically and intentionally exclude a person from an online group.

Impersonation – posing as the victim and electronically communicating negative or inappropriate information with others as if it were coming from the victim.

Sexting – distributing nude pictures of another individual without the person’s consent.

Conclusion.

An important aspect for consideration is that the degree of severity of cyber bullying, like

To help victims of cyber bullying, they should be able to reach out for help without feeling scared or intimidated by any consequences.

Faculty and staff of educational institutions can hold seminars or sessions to educate children and youth on the negative impacts of cyber bullying. These should not be onetimea wareness sessions, rather comprehensive, detailed programmes to help combat cyber bullying.

Counseling is also a remedial approach to help victims of cyber bullying.

Confidentiality is also an important element likely to decrease the silence taboo.

Establishing a hotline or a mobile application can provide alternatives to victims to voice themselves and report any incidents of online bullying.

Aggressors should also be targets of educational and professional attention to rectify their toxic behaviors.

Victims of bullying and cyber bullying should receive emotional and psychological help.

Additionally, technologies need to be monitored and modified to manage cyber bullying andenable the direct-reporting of any bullying incidents; therefore, more attention needs to be given

towards promoting the responsible use of technology. Social media platforms such as Facebook,

Instagram, and Twitter should adopt control measures to ensure safe user experience of social

media and filter offensive comments or hate speech.

The efforts to combat cyber bullying should include prevention and intervention programs at the community, school, and family levels. Professional counseling and mental help should be

considered as proactive measures that need to be more culturally and socially accepted in Arab

societies. Government authorities should also pay more attention to problems that youth encounter and the

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