Common diseases are like cancer, Malaria and other types of respiratory issues. There are certain disorders that are extremely rare and affect up to one in eight million children.
SERVERE COMBINED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS (SCID)
This is an inherited Primary Immunodeficiency Disease (PIDD) which shows itself during infancy. It acts in a way that weakens the immune system where it can not fight even mild infections.
It affects the functions of the T cells which are responsible for battling bacteria. Infants born with it often die within one year.
The only treatment involves the transfer of bone marrow commonly known as Stem Cell Transplantation
It is also known as the Blue skin disorder. A normal hemoglobin has about 1% of Methemoglobin but patients who suffer from this produce about 20 - 30% of the above.
Those who are diagnosed with this condition have a higher risk of heart abnormalities, seizures and even death because there is transportation of more iron and less oxygen in the blood
Affects one in eight million people. Due to genetic mutation, it causes the appearance of rapid aging even when the patient is a child.
Can cause up to one hundred muscle spasms in a day which are very painful. The disease is still a mystery and can make one paralyzed and loose the ability to speak.
It is the rarest in the world. There is only one case in history. It is the deficiency of Ribose-5 Phosphate