According to WHO, every year, cancer affects approximately 1.3 million and kills an average of 700,000 people in Africa. It's a sobering figure, but you don't have to be one of them.
So what are the don't and do's to live above cancer? Read on.
Smoking has been related to several cancers, including lung, colorectal, breast, throat, cervical, bladder, mouth, and esophageal cancers. It's never too late to quit smoking. About 90% of all lung cancers are caused by smoking. Nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke are also at risk of lung cancer and other respiratory problems.
Prevent your skin from sun
Melanoma affects more than 96,400 people a year. The majority of skin cancers are caused by ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Make sure you're protected from the sun at all times of the year.
Limit your alcohol intake
Alcohol is third on the list of things that cause cancer that can be prevented. Excessive drinking increases the risk of head, neck, liver, and breast cancer.
Eat healthy diet
Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, beans, and whole grains.
Eat less high-calorie foods, including refined sugars and animal fat, also Limit red meat and cut out processed meats.
Doing physical exercise for at least 30 minutes a day can bring significant changes to your overall health and well-being. Breast and colorectal cancer have been linked to inactivity and obesity, and there is some evidence of a relation to lung and pancreatic cancer. Add exercise to your routine for stress reduction, energy increase, improve your immune system, weight control, and cancer risk reduction.
Avoid risky behavior
Many human papillomavirus strains, also called HPV, spread through skin-to-skin contact during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. The Hepatitis B (HBV) Virus can also be transmitted by unprotected sex from person to person. It may affect a person's chance of developing liver cancer to long-term liver infections.
Certain viruses have been related to cancer, but vaccination may help prevent it. Talk to your doctor about vaccination against hepatitis B and Human papillomavirus.
know your family history
Since cancer can be passed down through the generations, it's crucial to know if your family's medical background puts you at a higher risk. You'll find out which forms you're at risk for and when you can begin having screening tests.