GSS: All you need to Know about the upcoming Population and Housing Census.
Population Census have been conducted in Ghana at approximately ten-year intervals since 1891, Ghana has conducted five population Censuses after independence, 2010 was the last.
The last two Censuses(2000 and 2010) combined Population and Housing in one operation. The last census conducted in 2010 recorded a total population of 24.7 million. Ghana will conduct its third population and housing census(PHC) this year with data collection scheduled for the first half of 2021. Field work for the 2021 PHC is scheduled to begin on 13th June 2021 with 27th June 2021 as Census Night.
The main rational for conducting periodic Censuses is to update the socio-demographic and economic data in the country and ascertain the changes that occurred in the population structure since the last Census.
Population Census is the complete enumeration of all persons in a country at a specified time. The enumeration also implies the collection, compiling, evaluation, analysis, publication and dissemination of demographic, social and economic statistics relating to the population.
Housing Census is the complete enumeration of all living quarters(occupied and vacant) in a country at a specified time. This enumeration also implies the collection, compilation, evaluation, analysis, publication and dissemination of statistical data pertaining to these living quarters and the occupants.
The housing conditions of the population are one of the most important indicators of well-being. Data from the housing census can be used by government agencies such as the ministry of work and housing. Town and country planning, department, local government and other interested bodies for analyzing the housing situation both in terms of stock and quality. This will facilitate the estimation of housing deficit and future housing requirements. Such analysis is necessary for the formulation of national housing programs and their implementation.