1. The age
As women get older, their chances of getting vaginal cancer go up. There is a very small chance that vaginal cancer will happen, but it's still not very likely. About 40 in every 100 cases (40%) happen to women who are 75 and over. Many young women don't get vaginal cancer, but it's very rare for women under 40.
2. The HIV virus.
Women who have HIV or AIDS may be more likely to get vaginal cancer, as well as other cancers in the genital or anal area. HIV and AIDS may make the body less able to fight off HPV infections.
3. A weak Immune System
People who have systemic lupus erythematosus have an immune system problem that lasts for a long time (chronic). The immune system starts to attack healthy cells, tissues, and organs, even though they aren't sick. They are more likely to get vaginal cancer in women who have Lupus, but this isn't always the case. People who don't have strong immune systems may be more likely to get HPV because they aren't able to fight it off. They may also be taking medicines to make their immune systems less strong, so they don't get sick (immunosuppressants).
There are ways to treat vaginal cancer
1. Surgery is a type of medicine.
Surgery is the most common way to treat vaginal cancer. There are some types of surgery that only try to remove the cancerous tissue, while others also try to remove nearby tissues and organs that the cancer could spread to.
Laser surgery, wide local excision, vaginectomy, hysterectomy, lymph node dissection or lymphadenectomy, and pelvic exenteration are some of the procedures that could be done.
Most of the time, radiation therapy is used to treat vaginal cancers that are in the early stages of growth. It can be used alone if the cancer is less than 5 mm thick (about 3/16 inch). There are some tumors that can be treated with interstitial radiation, but it's not used very often. Internal radiation may be used with outside radiation for tumors that have grown more deeply.
In number three, we have chemo.
This is a way to kill or stop the growth of cancer cells with medicine. There are two ways you could take the medicine: by mouth or by having it injected into a vein (intravenous or IV). You might get chemo in lotion or cream form from your doctor at some point in your life.
It's possible that you'll have side effects like nausea, hair loss, and changes in your body weight when you take a medicine like this. People who have been treated will see these things improve or go away afterward.
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