Causes of Heart Attack And Risks Associated With The Condition

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Like all other parts of our body, the heart needs a good oxygen supply to perform well. The coronary arteries meet this need and provide oxygen to the heart. Due to unhealthy eating habits and lifestyle, fatty deposits or plaque develop on the walls of the coronary arteries. This type of plaque buildup can turn into blockages over time without proper lifestyle changes. Any blockage in the heart artery prevents blood from reaching parts of the heart muscle. This causes cardiac ischemia, a condition in which part of the heart is deprived of oxygen. When cardiac ischemia is not noticed or left untreated for too long, heart tissues begin to die and cause a heart attack. A heart attack is also called a myocardial infarction.

Risk Factors of Heart Attack Causes

The 4 risk factors that are normally in the lifestyle of the majority of people are the risk factors of heart attack causes. All of these are explained below:

1. Diabetes

Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes your blood sugar level to become too high.

High blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels, making them more likely to become narrowed.

Many people with type 2 diabetes are also overweight or obese, which is also a risk factor for CVD.

Uncontrolled diabetes causes blood vessel damage and the accumulation of fatty deposits in the arteries, raising the risk of heart disease and stroke.

High cholesterol

The chance of suffering from heart disease is three times higher than ordinary people. Because too much cholesterol in the body will accumulate in the blood vessels, making the blood vessels narrower and obstructing blood circulation

When your blood cholesterol levels are excessive, it adds to atheroma, a fatty build-up in the lining of your blood vessels that raises your risk of heart disease and stroke.

High blood pressure

High BP can damage the arteries and can cause rupturing of the plaque that can trigger the formation of clots in the arteries and increases the risk of a heart attack

High blood pressure occurs when your blood pressure is regularly greater than it should be.

High blood pressure affects the blood vessels over time by making them narrower and more stiff. This means your heart has to work harder to push blood through your blood vessels, and your blood pressure rises as a result, making it easier for clots to form and fatty debris (atheroma) to obstruct your blood vessels. This is how heart attacks and strokes work.

Smoking

Cigarettes have toxins which makes smokers more susceptible to coronary heart disease by restricting and damaging the carotid arteries. Around 4,000 chemicals are released when you smoke. If you already have a cardiac problem, smoking might exacerbate your symptoms.Comment, share and please follow up this article by clicking the red follow button before the start of this article

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