Source: Travelnoire.com | Google.com
Over one billion and three hundred and fifty million people live throughout the 54 countries that make up Africa. In addition to this, it is home to over 3,000 distinct tribes, which hail from a wide variety of geographic areas and have numbers that range widely. If you prefer the term "tribes," there are 10 distinct people groupings that make up thirty percent of Africa's total population. Nearly every one of these groups existed as a state before European colonization, replete with its very own language and set of institutions. The five tribes listed below are Africa's most populous in order.
1. Zulu is the language of South Africa.
The Zulu are widely recognized as one of the most prominent tribes in Africa. One of the reasons that the Zulu tribe is so well-known is because the great leader Shaka Zulu was born in the region known as Shakaland.
It is estimated that there are 11 million members of the Zulu ethnic group in South Africa. This makes them one of the largest ethnic groups in the country.
2. Ethiopia, home of the Karo people
The members of this ethnic group make their home on the Ethiopian side of the Omo River's eastern bank. You will find out that they are a fascinating civilization that is well-known for their body painting, and the population is estimated to be somewhere around 2,000 people.
It is reported that the members of this tribe paint their bodies with a combination of yellow chalk, white chalk, mineral rock, iron ore, and charcoal. In addition to this, they participate in ritual scarification on a regular basis and use their scars as a method of self-identification.
According to "Atlas of Humanity," the scarification on the guy's chest denotes that he has fought adversaries from other tribes and that he is well-liked in his community. Additionally, the scarification indicates that the man has been successful in his battles.
3. Yoruba — Nigeria.
With a population of over 35 million people, the Yoruba are without a doubt the largest ethnic group in Africa. The majority of the group's members call Nigeria home, however others call southern Benin and other parts of Nigeria's south-western areas home as well.
They have a rich cultural tradition that stretches all the way back to the Oyo Empire, which is evidence of their lengthy and storied history.
4. The Himba — Namibia.
The Himba people are easily distinguished from other populations due to the vivid red color of their skin. Their skin is coated with red ochre so that the desired effect can be achieved.
They are a pastoral, semi-nomadic people that rear cattle and goats and live in herding communities. It is estimated that there are between 20,000 and 50,000 people residing in that area.
Women are more likely than men to engage in labor-intensive activities such as transporting water throughout the town, constructing homes, and milking cows.
5. The people of PSan
This tribe is made up of indigenous Khoesn-speaking hunter-gatherer groups from the oldest countries in Southern Africa. The countries of Botswana, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Lesotho are all included in their territory. South Africa is also included.
Because they have been in their current location for approximately 20,000 years, the PSan are the oldest people in Southern Africa.
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